Found this useful? The city's varied cultural institutions—such as the Auckland War Memorial Museum, the Museum of Transport and Technology, and Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki—and national historic sites, festivals, performing arts, and sports activities are significant tourist attractions. The Auckland Council is the local authority with jurisdiction over the city of Auckland, along with surrounding rural areas, parkland, and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. Visit the West Coast's black-sand beaches, explore one … [79] The largest commercial and industrial areas of the Auckland Region are Auckland CBD and the western parts of Manukau, mostly bordering the Manukau Harbour and the Tamaki River estuary. The Auckland Plan - page containing all maps in the Auckland Plan. [9] It has throughout most of its history been the nation's largest city. It … [92] Some of the demand for new housing at this time was attributed to the 43,000 people who moved into Auckland between June 2014 and June 2015.[93]. [91], In the lead-up to 2010, a housing crisis began in Auckland with the market not being able to sustain the demand for affordable homes. According to the 2013 census, the primary employment industries of Auckland residents are professional, scientific and technical services (11.4 percent), manufacturing (9.9 percent), retail trade (9.7 percent), health care and social assistance (9.1 percent), and education and training (8.3 percent). Immigration to New Zealand is heavily concentrated towards Auckland (partly for job market reasons). Auckland Region The Auckland Region is in the North Island of New Zealand. [111] For trips to the city centre at peak times the use of public transport is much higher, with more than half of trips undertaken by bus, train or ferry. A number of shopping centres are located in the middle- and outer-suburbs, with Westfield Newmarket, Sylvia Park, Botany Town Centre and Westfield Albany being the largest. In 2009, much of the northern and western suburbs, as well as all of Northland, experienced a blackout when a forklift accidentally came into contact with the Ōtāhuhu to Henderson 220 kV line, the only major line supplying the region. Auckland is a major centre of overseas language education, with large numbers of foreign students (particularly East Asians) coming to the city for several months or years to learn English or study at universities – although numbers New Zealand-wide have dropped substantially since peaking in 2003. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 343, 60-74. An electric train of Auckland's metro rail system. Vector acquired United Networks' Waitemata distribution business in 2002. Auckland is the major economic and financial centre of New Zealand. Auckland is one of the few cities in the world to have a harbour on each of two separate major bodies of water. The isthmus on which Auckland resides was first settled c. 1350 and was valued for its rich and fertile land. Auckland was one of the original nine towns and cities in New Zealand to be supplied with natural gas when the Kapuni gas field entered production in 1970 and a 340 km long high pressure pipeline from the field in Taranaki to the city was completed. Central Auckland North Auckland South Auckland East Auckland West Auckland Hauraki Gulf and Islands Maps and guides Taste . Auckland, in New Zealand's North Island, is a multi-cultural hub of food and wine, music, art and culture. The west coast has popular surf beaches such as Piha, Muriwai and Te Henga (Bethells Beach). We are in no way associated with or authorized by the Auckland Airport authority and neither that entity nor any of its affiliates have licensed or endorsed us. The ITU World Triathlon Series held a Grand Final event in the Auckland CBD from 2012 until 2015. Auckland was replaced as the capital in 1865 by Wellington, but the city continued to grow, initially because of its port and logging and gold mining in its hinterland, later from pastoral farming (especially dairy farming), and manufacturing in the city itself. Ferries provide transport to parks and nature reserves at Devonport, Waiheke Island, Rangitoto Island and Tiritiri Matangi. Parnell is Auckland’s oldest neighbourhood, and looks very much like an old-time village. Best Western Ellerslie International Motor Inn. [81], The sub-national GDP of the Auckland region was estimated at NZ$93.5 billion in 2016, 37.2 percent of New Zealand's national GDP. Some of the cones and flows have been partly or completely quarried away. It is estimated that the field will stay active for about one million years. The Auckland urban area has a population of 1,470,100 people according to Statistics New Zealand's June 2020 estimate, which is 28.9 percent of New Zealand's population. Some are several kilometres long. Other parks around the city are in Western Springs, which has a large park bordering the MOTAT museum and the Auckland Zoo. Auckland is classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network as a Beta + world city[80] because of its importance in commerce, the arts, and education. Because of its rich acidic soil and the type of flora growing out of the rocky soil, only a few birds and insects inhabit the island. The first area is South Auckland. continued road building towards the south, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, removal of restrictions directly or indirectly based on race, Demographics of Auckland § Future growth, New Zealand International Comedy Festival, National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, electrification of Auckland's rail network, Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, "Punters love City of Sails - National - NZ Herald News", "Population density: are we talking about the same thing? Freight usually arrives at or is distributed from the port via road, though the port facilities also have rail access. The city is supplied from Transpower's national grid from thirteen substations across the city. High-precision 40Ar/39Ar dating of Quaternary basalts from Auckland Volcanic Field, New Zealand, with implications for eruption rates and paleomagnetic correlations. Providing you with color coded visuals of areas with cloud cover. Appetite for Auckland … [85] Nevertheless, the majority of Aucklanders live in single dwelling housing and are expected to continue to do so – even with most of future urban growth being through intensification.[61]. Additionally, Auckland regularly hosts the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra and Royal New Zealand Ballet. [63], In July 2016, Auckland Council released, as the outcome of a three-year study and public hearings, its Unitary Plan for Auckland. Enable JavaScript to see Google Maps. [11][12], The isthmus was settled by Māori circa 1350, and was valued for its rich and fertile land. However, even in 1840 Port Nicholson (later renamed Wellington) was seen as a better choice for an administrative capital because of its proximity to the South Island, and Wellington became the capital in 1865. Auckland's population of ex-soldiers was far greater than that of other settlements: about 50 percent of the population was Irish, which contrasted heavily with the majority English settlers in Wellington, Christchurch or New Plymouth. The growth occurred similarly to other mercantile-dominated cities, mainly around the port and with problems of overcrowding and pollution. The University of Auckland, founded in 1883, is the largest university in New Zealand. Prominent historic buildings in Auckland include the Dilworth Building, the Auckland Ferry Terminal, Guardian Trust Building, Old Customs House, Landmark House, the Auckland Town Hall and the Britomart Transport Centre–many of these are located on the main thoroughfare of Queen Street. The outermost suburbs are Orewa in the north, Papakura in the south, Henderson in the west and Howick in the east. This substantial increase in population will have a major impact on transport, housing and other infrastructure that are, particularly in the case of housing, already considered under pressure. [51], Many ethnic groups from all corners of the world have a presence in Auckland, making it by far the country's most cosmopolitan city. He was re-elected for a second term in October 2013. Link to it or recommend it!. There have been several notable power outages in Auckland. West Auckland is the western part of the metropolitan area of Auckland and also the Waitakere Range. Surface features include cones, lakes, lagoons, islands and depressions, and several have produced extensive lava flows. These lines serve the western, southern and eastern parts of Auckland from the Britomart Transport Centre in downtown Auckland, the terminal station for all lines, where connections are also available to ferry and bus services. [103], The city is home to some of the largest schools in terms of students in New Zealand, including Mt Albert Grammar School, the second largest school in New Zealand with a student population of 3035,[104] and Rangitoto College in the East Coast Bays area, the largest school in New Zealand with 3307 students as of March 2020. Auckland Airport is 21 km (13 miles) south of the city behind Manukau Harbour. On 20 March 1840 in the Manukau Harbour area where Ngāti Whātua farmed, paramount chief Āpihai Te Kawau signed Te Tiriti o Waitangi the Treaty of Waitangi. [78] Prepared under this legislation is the Auckland Unitary Plan which indicates how land can be used or developed. Today, Auckland's central business district is New Zealand's leading economic hub. [119] A number of proposed projects to further extend Auckland's rail network were included in the 2012 Auckland Plan, including the City Rail Link, the Auckland Airport Line, the Avondale-Southdown Line and rail to the North Shore. [39] Snowflakes were also seen on 28 July 1930 and 15 August 2011. [69] The Waitematā Harbour has several swimming beaches, including Mission Bay and Kohimarama on the south side of the harbour, and Stanley Bay on the north side. The Waitākere Ranges Regional Park to the west of Auckland has relatively unspoiled bush territory, as do the Hunua Ranges to the south. West Auckland from Mapcarta, the free map. Beyond these suburbs lie the towns of Wellsford, Warkworth and Helensville to the north, and Clevedon, Pukekohe and Waiuku to the south. The demolition of the older houses is being combated through increased heritage protection for older parts of the city. Outlying defensive towns were then constructed to the south, stretching in a line from the port village of Onehunga in the west to Howick in the east. These reduced the Auckland Region's reliance on Otahuhu substation and northern and western Auckland's reliance on the Ōtāhuhu to Henderson line. New arrivals from Hong Kong, Taiwan and Korea gave a distinctive character to the areas where they clustered, while a range of other immigrants introduced mosques, Hindu temples, halal butchers and ethnic restaurants to the suburbs. This is compared with $747,000 in Wellington metro, $604,000 in Hamilton, $508,000 in Christchurch, and $207,000 in the Buller District (the area with the lowest average house price in New Zealand). Many pā (fortified villages) were created, mainly on the volcanic peaks. In the late 2000s, New Zealand's central government and parts of Auckland's society felt that this large number of councils, and the lack of strong regional government (with the Auckland Regional Council having only limited powers), were hindering Auckland's progress. This strong focus on Auckland has led the immigration services to award extra points towards immigration visa requirements for people intending to move to other parts of New Zealand. Auckland has at least 14 large lava tubes which run from the volcanoes down towards the sea. To get to Auckland Airport, from the city, drivers should take the southern motorway until the Gilles Avenue exit and then follow the airport signs or aircraft arrows. The Central Motorway Junction, also called 'Spaghetti Junction' for its complexity, is the intersection between the two major motorways of Auckland (State Highway 1 and State Highway 16).[110]. [citation needed]. In the early 1860s, Auckland became a base against the Māori King Movement,[25] and the 12,000 Imperial soldiers stationed there led to a strong boost to local commerce. Auckland's housing stock has become more diverse in recent decades, with many more apartments being built since the 1970s – particularly since the 1990s in the CBD. [122], Research at Griffith University has indicated that from the 1950s to the 1980s, Auckland engaged in some of the most pro-automobile transport policies anywhere in the world. [117] Following the opening of Britomart Transport Centre in 2003, major investment in Auckland's rail network occurred, involving station upgrades, rolling stock refurbishment and infrastructure improvements. The city has legislation in effect to protect the remaining heritage, with the key piece of legislation being the Resource Management Act of 1991. [56], Recent immigration from Asia has added to the religious diversity of the city, increasing the number of people affiliating with Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism, although there are no figures on religious attendance. The journey to/from the central business district takes around 45 minutes. State Highway 22 is a non-motorway rural arterial connecting Pukekohe to the Southern Motorway at Drury. [70] The Viaduct Basin, on the western edge of the CBD, hosted two America's Cup challenges (2000 Cup and 2003 Cup). Auckland's port handled 31 percent of the country's container trade in 2015. Within that area you'll find most of the city's shops, restaurants, nightspots, major hotels, and bus, rail, and air terminals. Private vehicles are the main form of transportation within Auckland, with around seven percent of journeys in the Auckland region undertaken by bus in 2006,[111] and two percent undertaken by train and ferry. It is not contiguous; the section from Waiwera to Whangaparaoa Peninsula is separate from its nearest neighbouring suburb of Long Bay. Pickup in Auckland … The Auckland Art Gallery is the largest stand-alone gallery in New Zealand with a collection of over 15,000 artworks, including prominent New Zealand and Pacific Island artists, as well as international painting, sculpture and print collections ranging in date from 1376 to the present day. Auckland also benefited from a surge in tourism, which brought 75 percent of New Zealand's international visitors through its airport. Data from July 2014 to April 2017, policedata.nz. [4] It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,717,500. The absolute maximum recorded temperature is 34.4 Â°C (93.9 Â°F) on 12 February 2009,[37] while the absolute minimum is −3.9 Â°C (25.0 Â°F), although there is also an unofficial low of −5.7 Â°C (21.7 Â°F) recorded at Riverhead Forest in June 1936. One Tree Hill (Maungakiekie) Natural Feature. [118] The rail upgrade has included electrification of Auckland's rail network, with electric trains constructed by Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles commencing service in April 2014. A light rail network is also planned. The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of about 1,470,100 (June 2020). In Auckland city itself, the main street is Queen Street, which ends in Queen Elizabeth Square at Customs Street. This is a list of suburbs in the Auckland metropolitan area, New Zealand, surrounding the Auckland Central Business District.They are broadly grouped into … Auckland is part of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the category of music.[71]. Centred on the Auckland metropolitan area, it also includes a large rural area, stretching as far north as the Wellsford district. The city's population grew fairly rapidly, from 1,500 in 1841 to 3,635 in 1845,[26] then to 12,423 by 1864. Events celebrating the city's cultural diversity include the Pasifika Festival, Polyfest, and the Auckland Lantern Festival, all of which are the largest of their kind in New Zealand. For the wider region, see, Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand. Other state highways within Auckland include State Highway 16 (the Northwest Motorway), State Highway 18 (the Upper Harbour Motorway) and State Highway 20 (the Southwest Motorway). [109] The bridge provides eight lanes of vehicle traffic and has a moveable median barrier for lane flexibility, but does not provide access for rail, pedestrians or cyclists. Location boundaries (map) Downloads. [84], Housing varies considerably between some suburbs having state owned housing in the lower income neighbourhoods, to palatial waterfront estates, especially in areas close to the Waitematā Harbour. Auckland's volcanoes are fuelled entirely by basaltic magma, unlike the explosive subduction-driven volcanism in the central North Island, such as at Mount Ruapehu and Lake Taupo which are of tectonic origin. 333 reviews. The majority of settlers in the early period were assisted by receiving cheap passage to New Zealand. Auckland Region HD blank relief map Auckland Region printable HD outline map. Late-night services (i.e. [44] While maritime winds normally disperse the pollution relatively quickly it can sometimes become visible as smog, especially on calm winter days.[45]. [88] There is significant public debate around why Auckland's housing is so expensive, often referring to a lack of land supply,[85] the easy availability of credit for residential investment[89] and Auckland's high level of liveability. By the time the first Fencibles arrived in 1848, the Northern War had concluded. [131] Transpower spent $1.25 billion in the early 2010s reinforcing the supply into and across Auckland, including a 400 kV-capable transmission line from the Waikato River to Brownhill substation (operating initially at 220 kV), and 220 kV underground cables between Brownhill and Pakuranga, and between Pakuranga and Albany via the CBD. In October 2010, Manukau City mayor Len Brown was elected mayor of the amalgamated Auckland Council. Map of Auckland area, showing travelers where the best hotels and attractions are located. [50] The most recent and by far the largest volcano, Rangitoto Island, was formed within the last 1000 years, and its eruptions destroyed the Māori settlements on neighbouring Motutapu Island some 700 years ago. Auckland Airport, New Zealand's largest, is in the southern suburb of Māngere on the shores of the Manukau Harbour. The greater Auckland urban area—as it is defined by Statistics New Zealand—spans 1,102.9 square kilometres (425.8 sq mi)[3] and extends to Waiwera in the north, KumeÅ« in the north-west, and Runciman in the south. Europeans make up the plurality of Auckland's population, however substantial numbers of Māori, Pacific Islander and Asian peoples exist as well. Sporting teams based in Auckland who compete in national or trans-national competitions are as follows: Annual sporting events held in Auckland include: Major events previously held in Auckland include the 1950 British Empire Games and the Commonwealth Games in 1990,[21] and a number of matches (including the semi-finals and the final) of the 1987 Rugby World Cup and 2011 Rugby World Cup. The resident population of all statistical areas (level 2; SA2) in Auckland Main Urban Area according to official estimates. [8] After a British colony was established in 1840, William Hobson, then Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, chose the area as his new capital. [105], Auckland has a number of important educational institutions, including some of the largest universities in the country. Maps and datasets from this initiative will start being released in late 2018. Between 1842 and 1865, Auckland was the capital city of New Zealand. The Housing Accords and Special Housing Areas Act 2013 mandated that a minimum of 10 percent of new builds in certain housing areas be subsidised to make them affordable for buyers who had incomes on par with the national average. Most of the Irish (though not all) were from Protestant Ulster. Rangitoto's size, its symmetry, its position guarding the entrance to Waitematā Harbour and its visibility from many parts of the Auckland region make it Auckland's most iconic natural feature. [42], Auckland occasionally suffers from air pollution due to fine particle emissions. Auckland has a considerable number of rugby union and cricket grounds, and venues for association football, netball, rugby league, basketball, hockey, ice hockey, motorsports, tennis, badminton, swimming, rowing, golf and many other sports. Do you like this map? Customized Auckland Region maps. A major overhaul of Auckland's bus services was implemented during 2016–18, significantly expanding the reach of "frequent" bus services: those that operate at least every 15 minutes during the day and early evening, every day of the week. Map of Auckland Central area hotels: Locate Auckland Central hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. [33], Auckland lies on and around an isthmus, less than two kilometres wide at its narrowest point, between Mangere Inlet and the Tamaki River. Manufacturing is the largest employer in the Henderson-Massey, Howick, Māngere-Ōtāhuhu, Ōtara-Papatoetoe, Manurewa and Papakura local board areas, retail trade is the largest employer in the Whau local board area, while professional, scientific and technical services are the largest employer in the remaining urban local board areas. Register and add new placemarks in Auckland. Prehistoric earthworks and historic fortifications are in several of these parks, including Maungawhau / Mount Eden, North Head and Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill. [8][13] The introduction of firearms at the end of the eighteenth century, which began in Northland, upset the balance of power and led to devastating intertribal warfare beginning in 1807, causing iwi who lacked the new weapons to seek refuge in areas less exposed to coastal raids. Two of the longest arterial roads within the Auckland Region are Great North Road and Great South Road – the main connections in those directions before the construction of the State Highway network. [38] Snowfall is extremely rare: the most significant fall since the start of the 20th century was on 27 July 1939, when snow stuck to the clothes of people outdoors just before dawn and five centimetres (2 in) of snow reportedly lay on Mount Eden. The high pressure transmission pipelines supplying the city are now owned and operated by First Gas, with Vector owning and operating the medium and low pressure distribution pipelines in the city. Bridges span parts of both harbours, notably the Auckland Harbour Bridge crossing the Waitematā Harbour west of the central business district. [90] Auckland has been described as having 'the most extensive range of timbered housing with its classical details and mouldings in the world', many of them Victorian-Edwardian style houses. Smaller parks close to the city centre are Albert Park, Myers Park, Western Park and Victoria Park. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world,[10] Auckland is recognised as one of the world's most liveable cities, ranked third in the 2019 Mercer Quality of Living Survey. Earlier published maps include: 2001/2018: QMAP 1:250 000 geological map. Auckland is a major cruise ship stopover point, with the ships usually tying up at Princes Wharf. Auckland forms New Zealand's largest urban area. The administrative offices of the Government of the Pitcairn Islands is situated in Auckland. [35][36] It is the warmest main centre of New Zealand and is also one of the sunniest, with an average of 2,003.1 sunshine hours per annum. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. [43] There are also occasional breaches of guideline levels of carbon monoxide. The Whangaparaoa Peninsula, Orewa, Omaha and Pakiri, to the north of the main urban area, are also nearby. Rugby union, cricket, rugby league, association football (soccer) and netball are widely played and followed. Auckland CBD is connected to coastal suburbs, to the North Shore and to outlying islands by ferry. Past volcanic deposits: Kermode L. (1992). A new suburb, Stonefields, has been built in an excavated lava flow, northwest of Maungarei / Mount Wellington, that was previously used as a quarry by Winstones. In response to the ongoing rebellion by Hōne Heke in the mid-1840s, the government encouraged retired but fit British soldiers and their families to migrate to Auckland to form a defence line around the port settlement as garrison soldiers. Brown did not stand for re-election in the 2016 mayoral election, and was succeeded by successful candidate Phil Goff in October 2016. Auckland has various small regional airports and Auckland Airport, the busiest of the country. Māori–European conflict over land in the region led to war in the mid-19th century. Important institutions include the Auckland Art Gallery, Auckland War Memorial Museum, New Zealand Maritime Museum, National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy, and the Museum of Transport and Technology. Auckland's ports are the second largest of the country, behind the Port of Tauranga,[120] and a large part of both inbound and outbound New Zealand commerce travels through them, mostly via the facilities northeast of Auckland CBD. Meanwhile, traffic problems, the lack of good public transport, and increasing housing costs have been cited by many Aucklanders as among the strongest negative factors of living there,[66] together with crime. Auckland was connected to the Maui gas field in 1982 following the completion of a high pressure pipeline from the Maui gas pipeline near Huntly, via the city, to Whangarei in Northland.[132]. One Tree Hill is a … [61] However, subdividing such properties with 'infill housing' has long been the norm. As you browse around the map, you can select different parts of the map by pulling across it interactively as well as zoom in and out it to find: Where is Auckland located on the world map; You can also expand it to fill the entire screen rather than just working with the map on one part of the screen. [citation needed] Tourist attractions and landmarks in Auckland include: Auckland Council maintains relationships with the following cities[134], This article is about the urban area. All surf lifesaving clubs are part of the Surf Life Saving Northern Region. From Local Areas to the Auckland Airport. The State Highway network connects the different parts of Auckland, with State Highway 1 being the major north–south thoroughfare through the city (including both the Northern and Southern Motorways) and the main connection to the adjoining regions of Northland and Waikato. Today, Vector owns and operates the majority of the distribution network in urban Auckland, with Counties owning and operating the network south of central Papakura. Parts of Waiheke Island effectively function as Auckland suburbs, while various smaller islands near Auckland are mostly zoned 'recreational open space' or are nature sanctuaries. The trend is for the latest eruptions to occur in the northwest of the field. [28], The face of urban Auckland changed when the government's immigration policy began allowing immigrants from Asia in 1986. [4], The Auckland urban area had a usual resident population of 1,346,091 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 122,343 people (10.0%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 212,484 people (18.7%) since the 2006 census. Auckland has the largest ethnic Polynesian population of any city in the world. [77] The Auckland Darts Masters was held annually at The Trusts Arena from 2015 to 2018. [51], Auckland's population is predominantly of European origin, though the proportion of those of Asian or other non-European origins has increased in recent decades due to immigration[53] and the removal of restrictions directly or indirectly based on race. Many Auckland beaches are patrolled by surf lifesaving clubs, such as Piha Surf Life Saving Club the home of Piha Rescue. [106] As of 2007[update], there are around 50 New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) certified schools and institutes teaching English in the Auckland area.[107].