weight fabrics for outerwear are multi-layered (coated or laminated) and their properties differ from light weight fabrics. This is an important factor for labeling of the garment… This guide will walk you through a selection of popular fabrics which are suitable for producing garments. Parameters of these fabrics due to structural difference are highlighted here with specific focus on functional apparel. Identify the two fibres. 2. Fabric Burn Test . If the protein content of the blend shows a value of 45% in the blend, find out the original weight of the other content. The exposition in the chapter indicates general procedures and only suggests interpretation. Modern textile manufacturers employ progressively more sophisticated methods and use a variety of natural, man-made, and synthetic fibers. Woven fabrics include linen, … Fiber Material Composition SGS comprehensive textile and fiber testing services help you meet the regulatory requirements for a wide range of finished products, materials and components. This chapter discusses fabric composition testing which is necessary for organizations such as textile manufacturers, import and export houses and R&D institutes, for carrying out applied research and investigation. A solvent of Sulphuric acid (59.5%) or 5% Sodium hypochlorite is used at 20. Learn about fabric types and their applications. These fabrics are manufactured with the necessary composition in order to be compliant with the requirements of ISO 105 F10 and to be approved by many specifiers situated in both the UK and Europe. 1. How to check the fabric composition of knitted fabrics? Eco Textile Testing – The trend of green consumerism has extended to textile and apparel products. A sample of blended fabric contains an animal fibre and a manmade fibre and shows 15 gm in electric balance. Short of taking your fabric to a lab for identification, the fabric burn test is the most dependable way to determine a fabric material of unknown origin. 3.1. Reaction of Fibers to the Burn Test Some of the fabrics are blends, and the blend of fibers may make the burn test a rather unreliable test for fiber content. Before going to bulk production , it is quite essential to know and test the GSM of the supplied fabric by the supplier. Moreover, some fabrics have chemical finishes and sizings applied to them that will change the way they burn, making the burn test further unreliable. Find out the oven dry weight of animal fibre after dissolving with Dimethyl formamide. The width of woven fabric Quantitative analysis of different fibres in common blend: Percentage amount of ‘A’ fibre in the blend=PA, Percentage amount of ‘B’ fibre in the blend=PB, Total dry weight or initial weight of the material= x Dry weight of fibre ‘B’ (after dissolving ‘A’) = y, Former Lecturer at Daffodil International University, Lecturer in Dept. Pull the fiber from the square piece. A blend of Cotton/Silk sample contains 25 gm. Fabric Weight Calculation in GSM (Woven Fabric) GSM calculation of fabric. We can ensure that the material you purchase has the right quality and fiber content. All the other materials like trims, closures, and packing accessories are generally arranged on or around the fabric utilized in the garment. A sample of 60/40 p/c blended fabric gives an oven dry weight of 15 gm after dissolving with 70% sulphuric acid. of Industrial & Production Engineering, Denim Wet Process | Bleach Wash | Acid Wash, Garment Finishing | Pressing | Flow Chart of Garment Finishing, Quality Control | AQL (Acceptance Quality Level), Colour Fastness of Textiles | Color Fastness To Washing, Colour Fastness of Textiles | Colour Fastness to Light, Inspection | Steps in Garments Inspection, Cutting Section in Apparel Industry | Cutting Room Terminology, Textile Testing and Quality Control – TTQC, Fabric Shrinkage Test | Types Of Shrinkage | Causes And  Influencing Factors Of Shrinkage, All Textile Abbreviations | Abbreviation Related to Textiles, Melt Spinning , Dry spinning and Wet Spinning Method, Melt Spinning , Dry spinning and Wet Spinning Method (37455), Quantitative analysis (for blended material). A sample of 25/75 p/c blended fabric gives an oven dry weight of 23 gm after dissolving with 70% sulphuric acid. A solvent of Sulphuric acid (59.5%) is used at 20oC for 20 min to separate them. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. There are different types of textile fibers used in the apparels and also the types and numbering of yarns.Therefore it is necessary to learn the different methods to identify different textile fibers. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Fabric behaviour will be affected by its composition … The traditional tests such as burning, chemical, optical, staining and density tests are systematically considered. Pay attention to the odor of the smoke. Cotton fabrics are hard weaving comfortable and capable of infinitive variety of weave and coloring. It provides information about the physical or structural properties and the performance properties of the fabrics. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) technology, near infrared spectral image measurement system. It incurs around 70% of the garment cost and nearly 100% of the exposed area. Textile testing is a scientific test technique and method to evaluate whether the quality of textiles meets the requirements of the specified standards. Given that percentage of manmade fibre in the blend is 30% and the animal fibre can be dissolved in Sodium Hypochlorite. 1.Look at the fabric labels to see whether they are cotton or polyester or wool or other fibers or 'blends' of different fibers. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. A sample of blended fabric shows 25gm in electric balance contains two fibres ‘a’ and ‘b’. Based on the use and conditions of textiles, we analyze and study the influence on the product by the composition, structure, and properties of textiles, and determine the use value of textiles. Fabric testing plays a crucial role in gauging product quality, assuring regulatory compliance and assessing the performance of textile materials. We weave our own Multifibre DW, inspecting every metre in order to ensure that you receive a high quality test fabric every time. See the list below for what we need know for General Fabric Testing. Solubility of Fibres (Method-AATCC 20-2000), N=Nylon 6 is soluble but Nylon 6/6 is insoluble.