Unlike grammar, vocabulary is often the more limiting factor when learning a new language. Historically, the alternation was a simple phonetic alternation between "strong" and "weak" forms. Nomini has strong gradation when: – In basic form which ends with one vowel (except E) Consonant gradation happens only with some verb types, namely type 1, type 3 and type 4. Whether it is inherited directly from Proto-Uralic or is the result of similar phonological structures and tendencies in the daughter languages is still under debate. Consonant gradation refers to a set of consonant alternations. The T-plural. Add your article. In Saame, consonant gradation is regular, but in Finnish it can appear downright arbitrary even years into studying the language. Here … Consonant gradation is an alternation affecting consonants in most Balto-Fennic languages and in the northern and eastern dialects of closely related Sámi (Lappish): e.g. The Finnish word for bank is pankki. Finnish Consonant Gradation 1 Kirsten December 07, 2012 Education 0 51. It is typical of Uralic languages such as Finnish, Estonian, Northern Sámi, and the Samoyed language Nganasan.Of the Finnic languages, Votic is known for its extensive set of gradation patterns. It’s something that affects both nouns and verbs, though in different ways. Consonant Gradation in Finnish There is a lot of information available about consonant gradation (Finnish: astevaihtelu) in the Finnish language, but it is mostly incomplete and even partly incorrect. Consonant gradation is the term used for a systematic set of alternations which are widespread in Finnish grammar.These alternations are a form of synchronic lenition. However, it is still pervasive in the lexicon and is very much a part of Finnish phonology. Your Finnish ka tto ‘roof’ nom.sg. All other cases replace -i with -e-. It is typical of Uralic languages such as Finnish, Estonian, Northern Sámi, and the Samoyed language Nganasan.Of the Finnic languages, Votic is known for its extensive set of gradation patterns. nukkua; hän nukkuu, he nukkuvat to sleep; he/she sleeps, they sleep. All you have to do is to add a case suffix to the “word stem”. When nomini ends with vowel A, O, U, Ä, Ö, Y, I (except E), the consonant gradation goes STRONG -> WEAK. We will also take a look at the consonant gradation, also known as the KPT rule. A case takes either strong or weak consonant gradation. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation in which consonants alternate between various "grades". {pappi} | {tippa} | {katto} | {juttu} |, {tikka} | {huppu} | {rotta} | {harakka} | {anoppi} | {ammatti} |, {lika} | {maku} | {rako} | {tuke} | {halko} | {jalka} | {virka}|, {suku} | {tiuku} | {raaka} | {piispa} | {kalpa} | {varpu} |, {ripa} | {sopu} | {tapa} | {kampa} | {rumpu} | {sampe} |, {sota} | {pata} | {kita} | {rinta} | {kanto} | {ranta} |. In Finnish it is now only partly productive phonologically in that it rarely affects recent loans and neologisms. Consonant gradation concerning nouns. Finnish Consonant Gradation 1. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation in which consonants alternate between various "grades". 1 / 3. All the example words are related to food or kitchen, so you will learn some food vocabulary as well. Consonant gradation is a type of consonant mutation, in which consonants alternate between various "grades". A needlessly long Finnish lesson for the grammar and language history nut - the real rule of the consonant gradation So, if you have studied Finnish for any amount of time, you have probably heard of consonant gradation, the seemingly arbitrary or at least complicated fenomenon of k,p and t changing in length or into another consonant with certain suffixes: (mato-madon, kukka-kukan, vika-vian).