Wetlands International. Despite our … The 2018 theme is “Wetlands for a Sustainable Urban Future”. 2370) is located within the largest mangrove forest in the world, the Sundarbans, that encompasses hundreds of islands and a maze of rivers, rivulets and creeks, in the delta of the Rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra on the Bay of Bengal in India and Bangladesh.The Indian Sundarban, … According to an assessment undertaken by Wetlands International South Asia (WISA), between 1970 and 2014, cities have rapidly degraded wetlands, to the tune of 25 ha per sq. New Rules: It is one of the International Partner Organizations of the Ramsar Convention. Keoladeo Ghana: Confluence of national Park Banas and Chambal: 3. Initially wetland International were known as the International Wildfowl Inquiry. km of built-up area. A country has to designate at least one of its wetlands into the list of wetlands of international importance which is also called a Ramsar list or Ramsar sites. The Site (Ramsar Site no. The Ramsar convention on wetlands is an international treaty which provides the framework for a National action plan and international cooperation for the conservation, protection and wise use of the wetland and its resources. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran. Let's Crack UPSC CSE 84,128 views 33:44 It is maintained as a part of the Ramsar List. Kolleru Lake: Confluence of Musi and Krishna: Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched? Important International Conventions on Environment and Ecology -हिंदी में-UPSC CSE/ IAS Preparation - Duration: 33:44. Kabartal Wetland (Bihar) and Asan Conservation Reserve (Uttarakhand) have been designated as Ramsar sites, making them ‘Wetlands of International Importance’. Two New Ramsar Sites. The Convention on Wetlands, signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. b) 2 and 3. c) 1 and 3. d) 1, 2 … The World Wetlands Day (WWD) is observed every year on February 2 to mark the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands in the city of Ramsar in Iran in 1971. Insights into Editorial: Reconsider the Rules Context: Earlier this year, a judgment by the Uttarakhand High Court, stating that Ganga and Yamuna rivers are “living entities”, captured the national imagination. The Montreux Record was established by Recommendation of the … Ramsar Wetland Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. GK Quiz For UPSC Civil Services Exam: Ramsar Wetland Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. They work with local communities to protect and preserve the wetland regions. India has designated Sundarban Wetland as a Wetland of International Importance, its 27th. Article 2.1.: Wetlands may incorporate riparian and … if a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘montreux record’, what does it imply; Q. Wetland … 2018 World Wetland Day (WWD) February 7, 2018. India joined the convention on February 1, 1982. B The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to … Share your story . Wetlands International coordinates the International Water bird census of which Asian Water bird census is an integral part. … by IASNOVA March 20, 2019, 7:23 am 4.1k Views. It can later designate more such wetlands. WETLANDS :- 1-2 Questions in UPSC Prelims Every Year- The Analysis. The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Ramsar Site At the time of joining the Convention, each Contracting Party undertakes to designate at least one wetland site for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance. Bhoj Wetland was recognized as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention in 2002. Why in the news? Q 1) Consider the following pairs : (2014) Wetlands Confluence of Rivers: 1. a) 1 only. The recommended days for the annual AWC covers two weeks and three weekends, beginning on the first Saturday every January when we should encourage you to count waterbirds. It highlights the value of wetlands in securing local … Montreux Record is a register of wetlands sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or likely to occur. (a) Kodaikanal (Tamil Nadu) (b) … It was signed on 2 February 1971 at Ramsar in . They support a flourishing community of aquatic organisms including frogs and other amphibians. Details about important environment agreement and treaties. ; This decision came on the sidelines … Wetlands International: GK, General Studies and Current Affairs. With 2 more inclusions, the total number of Ramsar sites in India is 39, the highest in … A Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference. Reviving wetlands is one of the most effective ways we can heal the climate. It is worth noting that wetlands, the other major water-based ecosystem apart from rivers, are at a moment of policy transition in the country. It is a global not-for-profit organization dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands. toggle menu. India is a party to the treaty. Categories … Guidance and Reporting. Upper Lake acts as the lifeline of the city supplying 40% of its potable water. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands It is an international treaty for “the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands”. In addition, the Criteria indicates that in the first instance, wetlands of international importance to waterbirds at any season should be included on the Ramsar List. Important Facts about the Ramsar Convention for UPSC. Ecological character of a Ramsar site may degrade because of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. HOME; Prelims. The trend shows that every year UPSC asks one to two questions related to wetlands. When a … These dates are for guidance and counts from any date between the beginning of December to end February are very … It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List. Sources: the Hindu. Enforcing the rules: The Wetlands Authorities are responsible for ensuring the enforcement of the Wetlands Rules and other relevant acts, rules and regulations. Being a part of the Ramsar Convention, a country will gain access to the knowledge of how to conserve and make sustainable use of the … More from Us: प्रखर UPSC EPFO 2020: A 4-Month Master Course Batch-3 … The Montreaux Record is a voluntary mechanism to highlight specific wetland of international importance under the Ramsar convention, but which are facing immediate challenges.In particular, the Montreux Record is a register of listed Ramsar sites where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or … If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply? We safeguard and restore wetlands for people and nature. Under the Ramsar International Wetland Conservation treaty, wetlands are defined as: Article 1.1.: Wetlands are areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six metres. Swamps, marshes and mangroves are examples of wetlands. Wetlands International. Following the notification of draft Wetland Rules in 2016, the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) notified the Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017 in order to prohibit a range of activities in wetlands. Ramsar Convention is formally known as Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. Montreux Record under the Convention is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importancewhere changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Earlier in 2020, India designated 10 more wetlands as a Ramsar site, taking the total number from 27 to 37. The updated rules will supersede the 2010 rules. … Check your progress with these UPSC Previous year Questions. Below is the compilation of questions on wetlands from last 6 years to illustrate the trend-PRELIMS 2018- Q-Which one of the following is an artificial lake? It would also advise the government in collaboration with the International organizations on various issues related to wetland conservation and wetland protection etc. The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilo meters from the edge of the wetland . In 1996 Name was changed to Wetlands International and established its headquarters in the Netherlands . … The survival of … Recently, the Government has identified 130 wetlands for priority restoration in the next five years and asked states to submit their respective integrated management plan.. Each of these wetlands will be restored under a comprehensive scheme of the National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems (NPCA) for conservation and restoration of wetlands and lakes. The official name of the treaty is The Convention on … We are the global not-for-profit organisation dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands. With this, a total of 37 sites in the country have been recognised under the international treaty. Comparison of wetlands conservation and management rules 2010 and 2017. The Ramsar (city in Iran where it was ratified in 1971) Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value. A recent phenomenon is the gathering of 100-120 sarus cranes in the lake. #PowerofWetlands. Will you join us? Wetlands are ecotones between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Wetlands are the source of water that supports all forms of life. 8.Is India a part of this convention? If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply? Designate wetlands for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance; Promote, as far as possible, the wise use of wetlands in their territory; Promote international cooperation especially with regard to transboundary wetlands, shared water systems, and shared species; Create wetland reserves; Go to top. (UPSC CSAT 2014) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference. Leave a … Harike Wetlands: Confluence of Beas and Sutlej: 2. Introduction: Define Wetland. Get Previous Year Questions Environment paper with solution, 2011 UPSC Prelims Questions paper and solutions, 2013 UPSC Prelims Questions paper, 2014 Prelims questions paper @ IASbaba. It is the only international treaty that addresses a specific ecosystem (wetland.) There are presently 158 Contracting Parties to the Convention, with 1758 wetland sites, totaling 161 million hectares, designated for inclusion in the Ramsar List of … The Criteria for Identifying Wetlands of International Importance were adopted by the 7th (1999) and 9th (2005) Meetings of the Conference of the Contracting Parties, superseding earlier Criteria adopted by the 4th and 6th Meetings of the COP … Sambhar has been designated as a Ramsar site (recognized wetland of international importance) because the wetland is a key wintering area for tens of thousands of flamingos and other birds that migrate from northern Asia; The specialized algae and bacteria growing in the lake provide striking water colours and support the lake ecology that, in turn, sustains the migrating waterfowl ; … UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Wetland Conservation and Management Rules 2017. Penalties: Undertaking any prohibited or regulated activities beyond the thresholds (defined by the state/UT administration) in the wetlands or its zone of influence, will be deemed violations under the Wetlands Rules. There are almost 115 wetlands that are officially identified by the central government and of those 26 are identified as wetlands of international importance under Ramsar Convention which is an international intergovernmental treaty for conservation of wetlands. When a party joins the convention, it has to designate at least one site for the Ramsar list. White storks, black-necked storks, bar-headed geese, spoonbills, etc., that have been rare sightings in the past, have started appearing. The biggest offenders were the metropolitans of New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai and Hyderabad, which treat wastelands as their private dumping grounds. Wetlands International’s Waterbird Population Estimates programme. Ramsar Convention. Originally, the treaty focussed on the conservation of the habitats for waterbirds. Prelims GS Strategy; CSAT Strategy; Previous UPSC Prelims Question Paper; Books/Sources to Refer ; How to Read HINDU Newspaper; 100 Days Revision Plan-IRP 2020; 60 Day Plan for Prelims … It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. Relevance to Syllabus of UPSC GSM3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation. Wetlands declared as Ramsar sites are protected under strict guidelines. Once a country is part of the Ramsar sites. … Continue reading "Insights into Editorial: … The following facts are from the exam’s perspective and can be beneficial for both Prelims and Mains stage of the IAS Exam. Here is a quiz of 10 questions based on it with explanations and answers. In 1954, the name became International Waterfowl & Wetlands Research Bureau (IWRB). It would recommend the designation of wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. They get periodically get inundated with water.